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‚Í‚µ‚ª‚« Preface –{‘‚ÌŽg‚¢•û How to Use This Book A Guide to Japanses Pronunciation Appendix Thematic Table Contents@ƒe[ƒ}•Êõˆø Basic Information on Japan@“ú–{‚ÌŠî–{î•ñ Ainu@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒAƒCƒk Earthquakes@@@@@@@@@@’nk Environmental Concerns@@@@ ŠÂ‹«–â‘è Japan-Basic information@@@@“ú–{-Šî–{î•ñ Japan-Goverment@@@@@@@@“ú–{-­•{ Japanese Population@@@@@@“ú–{‚̐lŒû Mount Fuji(Fujisan)@@@@@@•xŽmŽR Nuclear Energy@@@@@@@@ ŠjƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[ Okinawa@@@@@@@@@@@@‰«“ê Business@ƒrƒWƒlƒX Advertising@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ L Bushido (The Spirit of the Samurai)in Business@ƒrƒWƒlƒX‚É‚¨‚¯‚镐Žm“¹¸_ Business Cards(Meishi)@@@@@@@@@@@@@–¼ŽŒ Colleague Relationship@@@@@@@@@@@@@“¯—»ŠÖŒW Consensus Building@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‡ˆÓŒ`¬ Contracts@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ_–ñ Convenience Stores(Konbini)@@@@@@@@@@ ƒRƒ“ƒrƒjƒGƒ“ƒXƒXƒgƒA Corporate Extortionist(Sokaiya)@@@@@@@@ ‘‰ï‰® Department Stores@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •S‰Ý“X Distribution System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ —¬’ʃVƒXƒeƒ€ Economic miracle @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŒoÏ‚ÌŠïÕ Farming@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ”_‹Æ Fishing and Fisheries@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹™‹Æ‚Æ‹™Šl‚ General Trading Company(Sogo Shosha)@@@@@@‘‡¤ŽÐ Group Decision Making@@@@@@@@@@@@@ W’c‚̈ӎvŒˆ’è Honda@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒzƒ“ƒ_ Just-in-Time System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒWƒƒƒXƒgƒCƒ“ƒ^ƒCƒ€ƒVƒXƒeƒ€ Kaizen(Continuous Improvement)@@@@@@@@@ƒJƒCƒ[ƒ“ Kanban System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‚©‚ñ‚΂ñ•ûŽ® Legal Profession@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@–@‘‚ŠE lifetime Employment@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ IgŒÙ—p Lost Generation@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž¸‚í‚ꂽ¢‘ã OL(Offise Lady)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ OL Quality Circles@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ QCƒT[ƒNƒ‹ Quality Control@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •iŽ¿ŠÇ— Ryokan(Japanese Inn)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—·ŠÙ Salaryman@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒTƒ‰ƒŠ[ƒ}ƒ“ Seiri Seiton (The Five S's)@@@@@@@@@@ ®—®“Ú(5S) Seniority Rule@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@”NŒ÷˜—ñ 7-Eleven Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒZƒuƒ“-ƒCƒŒƒuƒ“EƒWƒƒƒpƒ“ Sony@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒ\ƒj[ Supa(Supermarkets)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒX[ƒp[ Supply Chain Management@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹Ÿ‹‹ƒ`ƒF[ƒ“ Total Productive Maintenance@@@@@@@@@@‘‡¶ŽY•Û‘S (Zen-in Sanka no Seisan Hozen)@@@@@@@@@ Toyota@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒgƒˆƒ^ Traditional Artisans@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“`“HŒ|El Traditional Japanese Company@@@@@@@@@@“`““I‚È“ú–{‚̉ïŽÐ Tsukiji Fish Market@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ’z’n‹›Žsê Vertical Society@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚½‚ĎЉï Zaibatsu (Financial Clique)@@@@@@@@@@ à”´ Cultural Values@•¶‰»“I‰¿’lŠÏ Amae (Dependency)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŠÃ‚¦iˆË‘¶«j Apologies@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŽÓß Budo(Martial Arts)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@•“¹ Car Accident (Responsibility in)@@@@@@@@Ž©“®ŽÔŽ–ŒÌi‚̐ӔC‚ÌŽæ‚è•ûj Coffee Houses@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹i’ƒ“X Colleague Relationships@@@@@@@@@@@@ “¯—»ŠÖŒW Community Life@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‹¤“¯‘̐¶Šˆ Compliments@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‚ق߂邱‚Æ Consensus Building@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‡ˆÓŒ`¬ Contracts@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ_–ñ Death@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž€ Divorce Procedures@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—£¥Žè‘±‚« Face(Kao)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Šç Family@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰Æ‘° (GiriObligation)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‹`— Group Decision Making@@@@@@@@@@@@@ W’c‚̈ӎvŒˆ’è Hometown@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ŒÌ‹½ Honne and Tatemae@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ –{‰¹‚ÆŒš‘O (Personal feelings vs.the Accepted view)@@@@ Hospitality@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‚¨‚à‚Ä‚È‚µ Imitation and Creation@@@@@@@@@@@@@–͔͂Ƒn‘¢ In-group and Out-group(Ushi/Soto)@@@@@@@ ‚¤‚¿E‚»‚Æ Japan as a High-Context Culture@@@@@@@@ ‚•¶–¬•¶‰»‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Ì“ú–{ Male Predominance(Danso Johi)@@@@@@@@@ ’j«—DˆÊŽÐ‰ïi’j‘¸—”ځj Manners@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ —ç‹Vì–@ Marriage Ceremonies@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ‹¥Ž® Mount Fuji(Fujisan)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •xŽmŽR Nature@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ž©‘R On(Moral Indebtedness)@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰¶ Otaku@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒIƒ^ƒN Rights and Responsibilities@@@@@@@@@@ Œ —˜‚ƐӔC Saiban-in(Lay Judge)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ù”»ˆõ Shame(Haji)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ’p Tacit Understanding@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž@‚µ Vertical Society@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚½‚ĎЉï Women's Rights in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@ —«‚ÌŒ —˜ Education@‹³ˆç Education as a Means of Social Promotion@@@@ŽÐ‰ï“Iã¸‚ÌŽè’i‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Ì‹³ˆç Juku(Cram schools)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@m School System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŠwZ§“x Yobiko(Prep Schoolfor College Entrance Exams)@ —\”õZ Language Communication@Œ¾Œê‚ƃRƒ~ƒ…ƒjƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“ English Loan Words@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰pŒêŽØ—pŒê Haragei(Beliy Communication)@@@@@@@@@@• Œ| Japanese Honorific Language(Keigo)@@@@@@@ŒhŒê JapaneseLanguage@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{Œê Japanese Writing System@@@@@@@@@@@@ “ú–{Œê‚̏‘‹L–@ Sign Language@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Žè˜b Nonverbal Communication@ƒmƒ“ƒo[ƒoƒ‹EƒRƒ~ƒ…ƒjƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“ Bodily Contact and Eye Contact@@@@@@@@@g‘̐ڐG‚ƃAƒCƒRƒ“ƒ^ƒNƒg Bowing@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚¨Ž«‹V Emotional Expression@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Š´î•\Œ» Facial Expressions@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Šç‚Ì•\î Haragei(Beliy Communication)@@@@@@@@@@• Œ| Nonverbal communication @@@@@@@@@@@@ƒmƒ“ƒo[ƒoƒ‹EƒRƒ~ƒ…ƒjƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@i”ñŒ¾Œê“I“`’Bj Silence @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@’¾–Ù Tacit Understanding@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž@‚µ Arts and Aesthetics@Œ|p‚Æ”üˆÓŽ¯ Aesthetic Appreciation@@@@@@@@@@@@@”üˆÓŽ¯ Anime(Animation)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒAƒjƒ Cinema@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰f‰æ Classic Haiku and Basho@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŒÃ“T”o‹å‚Æ”mÔ Geishas@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ|ŽÒ Hanami(Cherry Blossom Viewing)@@@@@@@@@‰ÔŒ© Japanese Gardens(Nihon Teien)@@@@@@@@@ “ú–{’뉀 Japanese Literature:A Shot Story @@@@@@@ “ú–{•¶ŠwF‘•ª‚©‚è Modem Haiku-Shiki@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹ß‘ã‚Ì”o‹å-Žq‹K Traditional Artisans@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“`“HŒ|El Woodblock Prints and Ukiyoe@@@@@@@@@@ ”ʼnæ‚Æ•‚¢ŠG Religious Matters@@‹³ Buddhism@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@•§‹³ Confucianism@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Žò‹³ Daibutsu(Great Buddha Statues)@@@@@@@@@‘啧 Death@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž€ Hidden Christians(Kakure Kirishitan)@@@@@@‰B‚êƒLƒŠƒVƒ^ƒ“ Ise Jingu(Ise Shrine)@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ˆÉ¨_‹{ Izanagi and Izanami-Japanese Mythology@@@@@ƒCƒUƒiƒMƒmƒ~ƒRƒg‚Æ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒCƒUƒiƒ~ƒmƒ~ƒRƒgi“ú–{‚̐_˜bj Izumo Taisha(Izumo Shrine)@@@@@@@@@@@o‰_‘åŽÐ Religions in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̏@‹³ Shinto-Primary Religion of Japan@@@@@@@@_“¹ Zen Buddhism@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘T Daily Life@“úí¶Šˆ Banking and Money@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹âs‹Æ–±‚Æ‚¨‹à The Beckoning Cat(Maneki Neko)@@@@@@@@@µ‚«”L Clothing in Japan @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̈ߕž Daruma Dolls@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒ_ƒ‹ƒ}‚³‚ñlŒ` Dating@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒf[ƒg Household Registration System@@@@@@@@@ ŒËÐ“o˜^ Housing@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Z‘î Japanese Bath(Furo)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •—˜C Japanese Zodiac(Junishi)@@@@@@@@@@@@\“ñŽx Lucky or Unlucky Days@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹g“úE‹¥“ú Marriage Ceremonies@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ‹¥Ž® Meals in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̐HŽ– Ryokan(Japanese Inn)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—·ŠÙ Sake(Rice Wine)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Žð Shinkansen(Super Bullet Train)@@@@@@@@@VŠ²ü Social Errors and Taboos@@@@@@@@@@@@ŽÐ‰ï“IŠÔˆá‚¢‚ƃ^ƒu[ Subways in Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“Œ‹ž‚Ì’n‰º“S Sushi@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŽõŽi Taxes in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̐ŋà Entertainment@ƒGƒ“ƒ^[ƒeƒCƒƒ“ƒg Akihabara@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ H—tŒ´ Anime(Animation)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒAƒjƒ Cinema@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰f‰æ Coffee Houses@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹i’ƒ“X The Ginza District in Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@ “Œ‹ž‚Ì‹âÀŠEŒG Jppanese Pub(Izakaya)@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹Žð‰® Otaku@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒIƒ^ƒN Pachinko@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒpƒ`ƒ“ƒR The Roppongi Area of Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@@“Œ‹ž‚̘Z–{–ØŠEŒG Ryokan(Japanese Inn)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—·ŠÙ Sumo@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘Š–o Sports@ƒXƒ|[ƒc Baseball in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ –ì‹… Budo(Martial Arts)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@•“¹ Sumo@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘Š–o Shopping@”ƒ‚¢•¨ Akihabara@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ H—tŒ´ Convenience Stores(Konbini)@@@@@@@@@@ ƒRƒ“ƒrƒjƒGƒ“ƒXƒXƒgƒA The Ginza District in Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@ “Œ‹ž‚Ì‹âÀŠEŒG 7-Eleven Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒZƒuƒ“-ƒCƒŒƒuƒ“EƒWƒƒƒpƒ“ Supa(Supermarkets)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒX[ƒp[ Legal Matters@–@—¥ Legal Profession@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@–@‘‚ŠE Car Accident(Responsibility in)@@@@@@@@ Ž©“®ŽÔŽ–ŒÌi‚̐ӔC‚ÌŽæ‚è•ûj Divorce Procedures@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—£¥Žè‘±‚« Rights and Responsibilities@@@@@@@@@@ Œ —˜‚ƐӔC Saiban-in(Lay Judge)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ù”»ˆõ Internationalization@‘Û‰» Foreign Culture(Attitudes toward)@@@@@@@ ŠO‘•¶‰»i‚ɑ΂·‚é‘Ô“xj Internationalization@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘Û‰» Olympic Games in Tokyo in 1964@@@@@@@@@1964”N‚Ì“Œ‹žƒIƒŠƒ“ƒsƒbƒN Overseas Education@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ŠCŠOŽq—‹³ˆç The Roppongi Area of Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@@“Œ‹ž‚̘Z–{–ØŠEŒG Festivals and Special Days@Õ‚è‚Æ“Á•Ê‚È“ú The bon Festival@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚¨–~ Children's Day(Kodomo-no-hi)@@@@@@@@@@Žq‚Ç‚à‚Ì“ú Coming of Age@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ¬lŽ® Golden Week@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒS[ƒ‹ƒfƒ“ƒEƒB[ƒN Hanami(Cherry Blossom Viewing)@@@@@@@@@‰ÔŒ© New Year's Eve and New Year's Day@@@@@@@ ‘å‚Ý‚»‚©‚Ɛ³ŒŽ (Omisoka and Shogatsu)@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Shichi-go-san(7-5-3 Festival)@@@@@@@@@ ŽµŒÜŽO Tanabata(The Star Festival)@@@@@@@@@@ Žµ—[