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ƒQƒXƒg‚³‚ñ ‚±‚ñ‚É‚¿‚́I ƒJ[ƒg‚ðŒ©‚é

¤•iƒJƒeƒSƒŠˆê—— > ‰pŒê > ƒ‰ƒCƒeƒBƒ“ƒOEƒXƒs[ƒ`‚È‚Ç

¤•iƒJƒeƒSƒŠˆê—— > ‰pŒê

‰pŒê‚Å“ú–{‚ðŒê‚邽‚ß‚ÌŽ«“T

‰pŒê‚Å“ú–{‚ðŒê‚邽‚ß‚ÌŽ«“T

¤•i”ԍ†@978-4-87217-720-6

2,052‰~(Åž)

[38ƒ|ƒCƒ“ƒgi’æ ]

”—Ê

¤•i‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä‚Ì‚¨–â‚¢‡‚킹
‚¨‹C‚É“ü‚è‚É“o˜^ ‚¨‹C‚É“ü‚è‚É“o˜^Ï‚Ý

Contents

‚Í‚µ‚ª‚«
Preface
–{‘‚ÌŽg‚¢•û
How to Use This Book
A Guide to Japanses Pronunciation
Appendix

Thematic Table Contents@ƒe[ƒ}•Êõˆø

Basic Information on Japan@“ú–{‚ÌŠî–{î•ñ
Ainu@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒAƒCƒk
Earthquakes@@@@@@@@@@’nk
Environmental Concerns@@@@ ŠÂ‹«–â‘è
Japan-Basic information@@@@“ú–{-Šî–{î•ñ
Japan-Goverment@@@@@@@@“ú–{-­•{
Japanese Population@@@@@@“ú–{‚̐lŒû
Mount Fuji(Fujisan)@@@@@@•xŽmŽR
Nuclear Energy@@@@@@@@ ŠjƒGƒlƒ‹ƒM[
Okinawa@@@@@@@@@@@@‰«“ê

Business@ƒrƒWƒlƒX
Advertising@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ L
Bushido (The Spirit of the Samurai)in Business@ƒrƒWƒlƒX‚É‚¨‚¯‚镐Žm“¹¸_
Business Cards(Meishi)@@@@@@@@@@@@@–¼ŽŒ
Colleague Relationship@@@@@@@@@@@@@“¯—»ŠÖŒW
Consensus Building@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‡ˆÓŒ`¬
Contracts@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ_–ñ
Convenience Stores(Konbini)@@@@@@@@@@ ƒRƒ“ƒrƒjƒGƒ“ƒXƒXƒgƒA
Corporate Extortionist(Sokaiya)@@@@@@@@ ‘‰ï‰®
Department Stores@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •S‰Ý“X
Distribution System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ —¬’ʃVƒXƒeƒ€
Economic miracle @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŒoÏ‚ÌŠïÕ
Farming@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ”_‹Æ
Fishing and Fisheries@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹™‹Æ‚Æ‹™Šl‚
General Trading Company(Sogo Shosha)@@@@@@‘‡¤ŽÐ
Group Decision Making@@@@@@@@@@@@@ W’c‚̈ӎvŒˆ’è
Honda@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒzƒ“ƒ_
Just-in-Time System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒWƒƒƒXƒgƒCƒ“ƒ^ƒCƒ€ƒVƒXƒeƒ€
Kaizen(Continuous Improvement)@@@@@@@@@ƒJƒCƒ[ƒ“
Kanban System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‚©‚ñ‚΂ñ•ûŽ®
Legal Profession@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@–@‘‚ŠE
lifetime Employment@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ IgŒÙ—p
Lost Generation@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž¸‚í‚ꂽ¢‘ã
OL(Offise Lady)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ OL
Quality Circles@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ QCƒT[ƒNƒ‹
Quality Control@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •iŽ¿ŠÇ—
Ryokan(Japanese Inn)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—·ŠÙ
Salaryman@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒTƒ‰ƒŠ[ƒ}ƒ“
Seiri Seiton (The Five S's)@@@@@@@@@@ ®—®“Ú(5S)
Seniority Rule@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@”NŒ÷˜—ñ
7-Eleven Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒZƒuƒ“-ƒCƒŒƒuƒ“EƒWƒƒƒpƒ“
Sony@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒ\ƒj[
Supa(Supermarkets)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒX[ƒp[
Supply Chain Management@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹Ÿ‹‹ƒ`ƒF[ƒ“
Total Productive Maintenance@@@@@@@@@@‘‡¶ŽY•Û‘S
(Zen-in Sanka no Seisan Hozen)@@@@@@@@@
Toyota@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒgƒˆƒ^
Traditional Artisans@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“`“HŒ|El
Traditional Japanese Company@@@@@@@@@@“`““I‚È“ú–{‚̉ïŽÐ
Tsukiji Fish Market@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ’z’n‹›Žsê
Vertical Society@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚½‚ĎЉï
Zaibatsu (Financial Clique)@@@@@@@@@@ à”´

Cultural Values@•¶‰»“I‰¿’lŠÏ
Amae (Dependency)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŠÃ‚¦iˆË‘¶«j
Apologies@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŽÓß
Budo(Martial Arts)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@•“¹
Car Accident (Responsibility in)@@@@@@@@Ž©“®ŽÔŽ–ŒÌi‚̐ӔC‚ÌŽæ‚è•ûj
Coffee Houses@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹i’ƒ“X
Colleague Relationships@@@@@@@@@@@@ “¯—»ŠÖŒW
Community Life@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‹¤“¯‘̐¶Šˆ
Compliments@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‚ق߂邱‚Æ
Consensus Building@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‡ˆÓŒ`¬
Contracts@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ_–ñ
Death@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž€
Divorce Procedures@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—£¥Žè‘±‚«
Face(Kao)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Šç
Family@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰Æ‘°
(GiriObligation)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‹`—
Group Decision Making@@@@@@@@@@@@@ W’c‚̈ӎvŒˆ’è
Hometown@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ŒÌ‹½
Honne and Tatemae@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ –{‰¹‚ÆŒš‘O
(Personal feelings vs.the Accepted view)@@@@
Hospitality@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‚¨‚à‚Ä‚È‚µ
Imitation and Creation@@@@@@@@@@@@@–͔͂Ƒn‘¢
In-group and Out-group(Ushi/Soto)@@@@@@@ ‚¤‚¿E‚»‚Æ
Japan as a High-Context Culture@@@@@@@@ ‚•¶–¬•¶‰»‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Ì“ú–{
Male Predominance(Danso Johi)@@@@@@@@@ ’j«—DˆÊŽÐ‰ïi’j‘¸—”ځj
Manners@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ —ç‹Vì–@
Marriage Ceremonies@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ‹¥Ž®
Mount Fuji(Fujisan)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •xŽmŽR
Nature@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ž©‘R
On(Moral Indebtedness)@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰¶
Otaku@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒIƒ^ƒN
Rights and Responsibilities@@@@@@@@@@ Œ —˜‚ƐӔC
Saiban-in(Lay Judge)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ù”»ˆõ
Shame(Haji)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ’p
Tacit Understanding@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž@‚µ
Vertical Society@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚½‚ĎЉï
Women's Rights in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@ —«‚ÌŒ —˜

Education@‹³ˆç
Education as a Means of Social Promotion@@@@ŽÐ‰ï“Iã¸‚ÌŽè’i‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Ì‹³ˆç
Juku(Cram schools)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@m
School System@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŠwZ§“x
Yobiko(Prep Schoolfor College Entrance Exams)@ —\”õZ

Language Communication@Œ¾Œê‚ƃRƒ~ƒ…ƒjƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“
English Loan Words@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰pŒêŽØ—pŒê
Haragei(Beliy Communication)@@@@@@@@@@• Œ|
Japanese Honorific Language(Keigo)@@@@@@@ŒhŒê
JapaneseLanguage@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{Œê
Japanese Writing System@@@@@@@@@@@@ “ú–{Œê‚̏‘‹L–@
Sign Language@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Žè˜b

Nonverbal Communication@ƒmƒ“ƒo[ƒoƒ‹EƒRƒ~ƒ…ƒjƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“
Bodily Contact and Eye Contact@@@@@@@@@g‘̐ڐG‚ƃAƒCƒRƒ“ƒ^ƒNƒg
Bowing@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚¨Ž«‹V
Emotional Expression@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Š´î•\Œ»
Facial Expressions@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Šç‚Ì•\î
Haragei(Beliy Communication)@@@@@@@@@@• Œ|
Nonverbal communication @@@@@@@@@@@@ƒmƒ“ƒo[ƒoƒ‹EƒRƒ~ƒ…ƒjƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@i”ñŒ¾Œê“I“`’Bj
Silence @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@’¾–Ù
Tacit Understanding@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž@‚µ
Arts and Aesthetics@Œ|p‚Æ”üˆÓŽ¯
Aesthetic Appreciation@@@@@@@@@@@@@”üˆÓŽ¯
Anime(Animation)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒAƒjƒ
Cinema@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰f‰æ
Classic Haiku and Basho@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŒÃ“T”o‹å‚Æ”mÔ
Geishas@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ|ŽÒ
Hanami(Cherry Blossom Viewing)@@@@@@@@@‰ÔŒ©
Japanese Gardens(Nihon Teien)@@@@@@@@@ “ú–{’뉀
Japanese Literature:A Shot Story @@@@@@@ “ú–{•¶ŠwF‘•ª‚©‚è
Modem Haiku-Shiki@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹ß‘ã‚Ì”o‹å-Žq‹K
Traditional Artisans@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“`“HŒ|El
Woodblock Prints and Ukiyoe@@@@@@@@@@ ”ʼnæ‚Æ•‚¢ŠG

Religious Matters@@‹³
Buddhism@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@•§‹³
Confucianism@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Žò‹³
Daibutsu(Great Buddha Statues)@@@@@@@@@‘啧
Death@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Ž€
Hidden Christians(Kakure Kirishitan)@@@@@@‰B‚êƒLƒŠƒVƒ^ƒ“
Ise Jingu(Ise Shrine)@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ˆÉ¨_‹{
Izanagi and Izanami-Japanese Mythology@@@@@ƒCƒUƒiƒMƒmƒ~ƒRƒg‚Æ
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒCƒUƒiƒ~ƒmƒ~ƒRƒgi“ú–{‚̐_˜bj
Izumo Taisha(Izumo Shrine)@@@@@@@@@@@o‰_‘åŽÐ
Religions in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̏@‹³
Shinto-Primary Religion of Japan@@@@@@@@_“¹
Zen Buddhism@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘T

Daily Life@“úí¶Šˆ
Banking and Money@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹âs‹Æ–±‚Æ‚¨‹à
The Beckoning Cat(Maneki Neko)@@@@@@@@@µ‚«”L
Clothing in Japan @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̈ߕž
Daruma Dolls@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒ_ƒ‹ƒ}‚³‚ñlŒ`
Dating@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒf[ƒg
Household Registration System@@@@@@@@@ ŒËÐ“o˜^
Housing@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Z‘î
Japanese Bath(Furo)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ •—˜C
Japanese Zodiac(Junishi)@@@@@@@@@@@@\“ñŽx
Lucky or Unlucky Days@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹g“úE‹¥“ú
Marriage Ceremonies@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Œ‹¥Ž®
Meals in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̐HŽ–
Ryokan(Japanese Inn)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—·ŠÙ
Sake(Rice Wine)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Žð
Shinkansen(Super Bullet Train)@@@@@@@@@VŠ²ü
Social Errors and Taboos@@@@@@@@@@@@ŽÐ‰ï“IŠÔˆá‚¢‚ƃ^ƒu[
Subways in Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“Œ‹ž‚Ì’n‰º“S
Sushi@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ŽõŽi
Taxes in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@“ú–{‚̐ŋà

Entertainment@ƒGƒ“ƒ^[ƒeƒCƒƒ“ƒg
Akihabara@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ H—tŒ´
Anime(Animation)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒAƒjƒ
Cinema@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‰f‰æ
Coffee Houses@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹i’ƒ“X
The Ginza District in Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@ “Œ‹ž‚Ì‹âÀŠEŒG
Jppanese Pub(Izakaya)@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ‹Žð‰®
Otaku@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒIƒ^ƒN
Pachinko@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒpƒ`ƒ“ƒR
The Roppongi Area of Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@@“Œ‹ž‚̘Z–{–ØŠEŒG
Ryokan(Japanese Inn)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—·ŠÙ
Sumo@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘Š–o

Sports@ƒXƒ|[ƒc
Baseball in Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ –ì‹…
Budo(Martial Arts)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@•“¹
Sumo@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘Š–o

Shopping@”ƒ‚¢•¨
Akihabara@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ H—tŒ´
Convenience Stores(Konbini)@@@@@@@@@@ ƒRƒ“ƒrƒjƒGƒ“ƒXƒXƒgƒA
The Ginza District in Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@ “Œ‹ž‚Ì‹âÀŠEŒG
7-Eleven Japan@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒZƒuƒ“-ƒCƒŒƒuƒ“EƒWƒƒƒpƒ“
Supa(Supermarkets)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ƒX[ƒp[

Legal Matters@–@—¥
Legal Profession@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@–@‘‚ŠE
Car Accident(Responsibility in)@@@@@@@@ Ž©“®ŽÔŽ–ŒÌi‚̐ӔC‚ÌŽæ‚è•ûj
Divorce Procedures@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@—£¥Žè‘±‚«
Rights and Responsibilities@@@@@@@@@@ Œ —˜‚ƐӔC
Saiban-in(Lay Judge)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Ù”»ˆõ

Internationalization@‘Û‰»
Foreign Culture(Attitudes toward)@@@@@@@ ŠO‘•¶‰»i‚ɑ΂·‚é‘Ô“xj
Internationalization@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‘Û‰»
Olympic Games in Tokyo in 1964@@@@@@@@@1964”N‚Ì“Œ‹žƒIƒŠƒ“ƒsƒbƒN
Overseas Education@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ŠCŠOŽq—‹³ˆç
The Roppongi Area of Tokyo@@@@@@@@@@@“Œ‹ž‚̘Z–{–ØŠEŒG

Festivals and Special Days@Õ‚è‚Æ“Á•Ê‚È“ú
The bon Festival@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@‚¨–~
Children's Day(Kodomo-no-hi)@@@@@@@@@@Žq‚Ç‚à‚Ì“ú
Coming of Age@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ¬lŽ®
Golden Week@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ƒS[ƒ‹ƒfƒ“ƒEƒB[ƒN
Hanami(Cherry Blossom Viewing)@@@@@@@@@‰ÔŒ©
New Year's Eve and New Year's Day@@@@@@@ ‘å‚Ý‚»‚©‚Ɛ³ŒŽ
(Omisoka and Shogatsu)@@@@@@@@@@@@@
Shichi-go-san(7-5-3 Festival)@@@@@@@@@ ŽµŒÜŽO
Tanabata(The Star Festival)@@@@@@@@@@ Žµ—[